Migration trends (1/)

Emigration – departure to another country with an intention to reside in it permanently or no shorter than 12 months.

Expulsion – compulsory transportation or removal of an alien from the territory of the Republic of Lithuania in accordance with the procedure established by legal acts.

Foreigner a person who is not a citizen of the Republic of Lithuania regardless if he/she holds another country’s citizenship or not.

Immigration – arrival to a country with an intention to reside in it permanently or no shorter than 12 months.

Refugee status – granted for an asylum seeker who is located outside of his/her country of origin and who is unwilling or unable to return to it owing to a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, political opinion or membership of a particular social group. Persons, granted refugee status, receive the right to permanent residence in Lithuania.

Permanent residence permit - a document entitling an alien to reside in the Republic of Lithuania and certifying the alien’s permanent resident status.

Subsidiary protection – granted to a foreigner who does not qualify for refugee status but cannot return to his/her country of origin owing to a fear that he/she will be tortured, suffer inhumane treatment, his/her rights and freedoms will be threatened because of the widespread violence, armed conflict or another situation in his/her country where systematic human rights violations appear. Such a person is granted subsidiary protection in Lithuania, usually for one year, and can remain until situation in his/her home country improves.

Temporary protection – form of protection that can be granted by the decision of the Lithuanian government if there is a massive influx of foreigners. Individuals cannot apply for this form of protection. Until now temporary protection has never been granted.

Temporary residence permit - a document granting an alien the right for temporary residence in the Republic of Lithuania for a period specified therein.

Work permit – a document allowing a foreign national to work in Lithuania for an indicated period of time. Foreigners, with an exception of the EU nationals and citizens of Iceland, Lichtenstein, Norway and Switzerland, are required to obtain a work permit prior to their arrival in Lithuania (unless they lawfully reside on other grounds). An application for a work permit has to be submitted by an employer.

More terms and definitions related to asylum and migration are available at the EMN Glossary and Thesaurus.