Migration trends (1/)
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The main Lithuanian institutions shaping and implementing migration policy are as follows:

  • Ministry of the Interior is the main institution responsible for formation and supervision of implementation of migration policy.
  • Migration Department is the main central institution implementing state policy in the area of migration (with the exeption of economic migration).
  • Migration Services are the main territorial institutions dealing with the issuance of residence permits and control the legal stay of foreigners in the country. The activities of migration services are coordinated by the Police Department.
  • State Border Guard Service protects the state border and exercises control of illegal immigration.
  • Foreigners' Registration Center is an institution which houses detained foreigners and provides accommodation for asylum seekers.
  • Refugees Reception Center in an institution which provides accommodation for migrants who have been granted asylum in Lithuanian and for unaccompanied minors.
  • Ministry of Foreign Affairs participates in the formation and implementation of visa policy. Lithuanian diplomatic mission and consular posts issue visas, receive documents for issuance of residence permits, legalise documents.
  • Ministry of Social Security and Labour shapes labour market policy and Lithuanian Labour Exchange issues work permits for foreigners.

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Functions

Functions

Ministry of Foreign Affairs

Functions

Functions

  • participates in the formation and implementation of visa policy of the Republic of Lithuania

Visa Services

Functions

Functions

  • issue Schengen and national visas;
  • issue identity cards and passports.

Ministry of the Interior

Functions

Functions

  • forms state policy in the area of migration, organises, coordinates and controls its implementation;
  • ensures the implementation of state policy in the area of visas

Police Department

Functions

Functions

  • exercises control over and coordinates activities of migration units, provides them with guidance and instructions;
  • organises the issue of passports, identity cards, temporary certificates.

Migration Services

Functions

Functions

  • in cases stipulated by legal acts, take decisions on the acquisition of citizenship by children, confirm the fact of holding citizenship by a child;
  • issue passports, identity cards, temporary certificates, certificates attesting to the right of a citizen of an EU Member State to reside temporarily in the Republic of Lithuania, temporary residence permits in the Republic of Lithuania , permits of a long-term resident of the Republic of Lithuania to reside in the EU, residence cards of a family member of a Union citizen to reside in the country (temporarily and permanently), travel documents of a stateless person and a refugee, an alien’s passport, verify letters of invitation for aliens for temporary stay in the Republic of Lithuania, extend the period of validity of Schengen visas;
  • take decisions regarding renewal of a temporary residence permit in the Republic of Lithuania;
  • take decisions concerning the obligation of aliens to leave the Republic of Lithuania and their return to a foreign state, enforce the expulsion of aliens from the Republic of Lithuania;
  • receive aliens’ applications for asylum in the Republic of Lithuania and conduct initial interviews;
  • exercise control of aliens’ legal stay in the country.

Migration Department

Functions

Functions

  • organises the issue of and issues the documents attesting to the right to reinstate citizenship of the Republic of Lithuania and certifying Lithuanian descent;
  • organises the issue of Schengen and national visas, certificates attesting to the right of a citizen of an EU Member State to reside temporarily or permanently in the Republic of Lithuania, temporary residence permits in the Republic of Lithuania, permits of a long-term resident of the Republic of Lithuania to reside in the EU, residence cards of a family member of a Union citizen to reside in the country (temporarily and permanently), travel documents of a stateless person and a refugee, an alien’s passport, an alien’s registration certificate;
  • in cases stipulated by legal acts, takes decisions on the acquisition of citizenship by children, confirms the fact of holding citizenship by a child; organises the procedure of taking of individuals’ oath to the Republic of Lithuania at the Ministry of the Interior;
  • resolves, within its remit, the issues of the citizenship of the Republic of Lithuania;
  • takes decisions regarding the issue of temporary residence permits in the Republic of Lithuania and permits of a long-term resident of the Republic of Lithuania to reside in the European Union, certificates attesting to the right of a citizen of an EU Member State to permanently reside in the Republic of Lithuania, residence cards of a family member of a Union citizen to reside in the country, an alien’s passport, issues the certificates attesting to the right of a citizen of an EU Member State to permanently reside in the Republic of Lithuania;
  • implements the asylum-granting procedure and takes relevant decisions, organises the implementation of decisions taken on asylum issues;
  • takes decisions regarding the return or expulsion of aliens from the Republic of Lithuania, organises the enforcement of the decisions taken regarding the expulsion of aliens from the Republic of Lithuania, issues a temporary travel document;
  • draws up and manages the national no-entry list.

State Borders Guard Service

Functions

Functions

  • participates in the implementation of national control over migration processes.

Foreigners' Registration Centre

Functions

Functions

  • receives and maintains detained aliens who are provided with accommodation at the Centre;
  • implements the initial asylum procedure;
  • enforces the expulsion of aliens from the Republic of Lithuania.

Border Control Points

Functions

Functions

  • issue Schengen visas;
  • exercise control of individuals entering the Republic of Lithuania;
  • implement the initial asylum procedure;
  • take decisions to refuse aliens’ admission into the Republic of Lithuania.

Ministry of Social Security and Labour

Functions

Functions

  • submits to the Government of the Republic of Lithuania proposals regarding the labour market and support of employment, recruitment of aliens (third-country nationals) in the Republic of Lithuania;
  • coordinates and supervises the provision of state support for the integration of the aliens who have been granted asylum in Lithuania;
  • analyses aliens‘ integration processes, drafts and submits to the Government of the Republic of Lithuania legal acts concerning the integration of aliens; coordinates and supervises the provision of state support for the integration of the aliens who have been granted asylum in the Republic of Lithuania.

Lithuanian Labour Exchange

Functions

Functions

  • issues work permits to aliens;
  • takes decisions on conformity of an alien’s employment to needs of the labour market of the Republic of Lithuania.

Refugees Reception Center

Functions

Functions

  • provides temporary accommodation to unaccompanied minor aliens who have been granted asylum;
  • implements the social integration of aliens who have been granted asylum;
  • provides accommodation to aliens who have been granted the cooling-off period during which they, as present or former victims of crimes related to trafficking in human beings, must take a decision on cooperation with a pre-trial investigation body or the court investigating the crimes related to trafficking in human beings.

Migration issues are also addressed by non-governmental organizations. The following NGOs are among the most active ones in Lithuania:

  • Internation Organization for Migration (IOM) Vilnius office implements programmes for informationand consultation of migrants, assistance to migrants in voluntarily returning to the countries of origin, conducts research on the issues of migration. IOM Vilnius office also performs functions ot LT EMN NCP.
  • United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) Regional office per representatives in Lithuania carries out trainings and disseminates information related to rights of refugees.
  • Lithuanian Red Cross Society carries out projects to support asylum seekers and refugees in Lithuania.
  • Institutes for Ethnic Studies and Demographic Studies conducts research in the field of migration.
  • Caritas Lithuania aims to reduce poverty and social distinct of the most vulnerable groups of society. Caritas Lithuania also provides integration support for asylum seekers and refugees, provides assistance to victims of trafficking.