EN
Migration: 10 years overview
* It is argued that a striking increase in emigration numbers in 2010 and 2011 was partly due an introduced mandatory health insurance contribution applicable to all permanent residents of Lithuania. This encouraged those, who had emigrated earlier, to declare their departure in 2010 in order to avoid payments. Therefore, the number of emigrants in 2010 and 2011 potentially includes those who emigrated earlier.
Immigration and emigration
Immigration
Emigration
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Full data
Source: Statistics Lithuania
 

Lithuania is de facto a country of emigration. Lithuania’s emigration rate is among the highest in the European Union. Since independence in 1990 around 825 thousand people or almost one third of the population has left the country. Although emigration in itself is not a negative phenomenon, Lithuania faces great challenges due to the high rates of emigration: the age composition of the society changes (the population is ageing), labour and skills shortages emerge, as well as the brain drain (emigrants work in low-skilled occupations while abroad).

In 2015, the emigration rate increased again while the immigration rate decreased: 45.5 thousand persons left Lithuania, and around 22.1 thousand persons arrived. However, in 2015, 2 times more people emigrated than immigrated.

 

Updated 2016-06-15

What is emigration?

Emigration – departure to another country with an intention to reside in it permanently or no shorter than 12 months.

What is immigration?

Immigration – arrival to a country with an intention to reside in it permanently or no shorter than 12 months.