Migration trends (1/)
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Emigration

Emigrants by age

In 2017, more than 72 percent of emigrants were aged between 15 – 44. This age group only makes up about 37 percent of the entire Lithuanian population.

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In 2017, more than 72 percent of emigrants were aged between 15 – 44. This age group only makes up about 37 percent of the entire Lithuanian population. In the long run, as the number of young people is decreasing due to emigration, this causes serious demographic problems – diminishing number of marriages, decreasing birth rate, lack of workforce. A shrinking proportion of working people have to support a growing number of the unemployed. 

A reverse trend is being observed when comparing the number of older emigrants and the number of Lithuania’s residents. People that are 65 or older only comprise about 1.5 percent of the total emigration flow, despite making up about 20 percent of the entire population.

Source: Statistics Lithuania. Updated: 2018-05-22

Where do Lithuanians emigrate?

For several years the main destination for Lithuanian migrants has been the United Kingdom (on average 47 percent of people who decide to leave choose this country).

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For several years the main destination for Lithuanian migrants has been the United Kingdom (on average 47 percent of people who decide to leave choose this country). Other destinations include Norway, Ireland, Germany, etc.

Source: Statistics Lithuania. Updated: 2018-05-22

Which countries have the biggest number of Lithuanians?

According to the data of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Migration Department, approximately 460 thousand Lithuanians are living abroad. The majority reside in the United Kingdom (46 percent), Norway (10 percent), Germany (10 percent) and Ireland (8 percent.)

Source: Migration Department. Updated: 2018-05-22

Children left behind

This graphic portrays the number of children who have been assigned temporary guardianship under the request of parents when one or both of them left the country.

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This graphic portrays the number of children who have been assigned temporary guardianship under the request of parents when one or both of them left the country. According to the law, one of the parents usually remains a legal representative. But in a situation when both or a single parent leaves the country, before leaving they have to submit a request for temporary guardianship for their child to the Municipal Services of Children’s Rights Protection.

Source: State Child Rights Protection and Adoption Service. Updated: 2018-05-22

How much money emigrants send home?

In 2017 financial transfers to Lithuania from private persons living abroad amounted to 1151,95 million Euros and equaled to 2,8 percent of GDP.

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In 2017 financial transfers to Lithuania from private persons living abroad amounted to 1151,95 million Euros and equaled to 2,8 percent of GDP. In comparison, 800 million Euros from the country’s budget were designated for defence and 606 million Euros for health care in 2017.

Note:  It is impossible to single out the remittances sent exclusively by emigrants. Therefore the number given reflects remittances in general.

Source: Central bank of the Republic of Lithuania. Updated: 2018-05-22

Immigration

Who is immigrating to Lithuania?

In 2017, the proportion of returning Lithuanians fell to 50%, while the share of EU citizens remained the same, but the share of non-EU citizens increased to 47%.

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For many years, the vast majority of immigrants were returning Lithuanian citizens (about 82 percent on average). The rest was EU citizens (3 percent) and non-EU citizens (15 percent). In 2017, this trend had changed: the proportion of returning Lithuanians fell to 50%, while the share of EU citizens remained the same, but the share of non-EU citizens increased to 47%. The majority of foreign immigrants were citizens from Ukraine and Belarus (about 35 percent of all immigrants).

In the second graph, there are presented 5 EU countries and non-EU countries, most of which immigrants arrived in Lithuania in 2017.

Source: Statistics Lithuania. Update: 2018-05-22

Which countries are Lithuanians returning from?

Return migration is defined as return of Lithuanian citizens who have been living abroad.  In 2017, almost a half (48 percent) of the returning migrants came back from the United Kingdom. Considerable amount (about 24 percent) of people also returned from Norway, Ireland and Germany.

Source: Statistics Lithuania. Updated: 2018-05-22

Foreigners

How many foreigners live in Lithuania?

A foreigner is a person who does not possess Lithuanian citizenship. This group of people is comprised of EU citizens, non-EU citizens and stateless people. More than 49 thousand foreigners lived in Lithuania at the beginning of 2018.

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A foreigner is a person who does not possess Lithuanian citizenship. This group of people is comprised of EU citizens, non-EU citizens and stateless people. More than 49 thousand foreigners lived in Lithuania at the beginning of 2018. The vast majority is third country nationals: 37 percent are people who have obtained permanent residence permits (PRP), which are issued for five years. 50 percent are people who have obtained temporary residence permits (TRP), which are commonly issued for 1-2 years. Citizens of the EU and their families amount to 13 percent.

Source: Migration Department. Updated: 2018-05-22

What are the grounds for issuing a temporary residence permit?

Non-EU citizens can enter and stay in Lithuania only for purposes established by the law.

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Non-EU citizens can enter and stay in Lithuania only for purposes established by the law. The graphic shows all the temporary residence permits (TRP) issued/replaced to non-EU citizens based on admission grounds. In 2017 the majority of the permits were issued on the basis of work (55 percent), family reunification (23 percent) and to study (14 percent). Compared to 2016, the number of issued temporary residence permits to engage in lawful activities decreased 3.5 times. Such a marked decline is due to increased control to reduce abuse on this admission ground.

Source: Migration Department. Update: 2018-05-22

What are nationalities of foreigners in Lithuania?

In 2017, the largest share of foreigners that lived in Lithuania were Russian (26 percent), Ukrainian (24 percent), and Belarusian (19 percent) citizens.

Source: Migration Department. Updated: 2018-05-22

How many foreigners work in Lithuania?

Foreigners (apart from EU nationals) that wish to work in Lithuania have to meet certain conditions. In 2017, the number of migrant workers in Lithuania increased significantly: 10.5 thousand temporary residence permits and 23 thousand national D visas were issues on grounds of work.

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Foreigners (apart from EU nationals) that wish to work in Lithuania have to meet certain conditions. In 2017, the number of migrant workers in Lithuania had increased significantly: 10.5 thousand temporary residence permits and 23 thousand national D visas were issued on grounds of work.   

In 2017, Lithuanian Labor Exchange issued 5.5 thousand work permits / decisions on conformity of Lithuanian labour market needs and it was 3.6 times less than in 2016. This can be explained by legal changes to the law that facilitated entry procedures for foreigners who are included on the shortage occupations list. Such foreigners, having received the national D visa, can arrive and start working in Lithuania without a permission from Lithuanian Labour Exchange.

Source: Lithuanian Labour Exchange. Updated: 2018-05-22

What are the top 5 foreigner‘s professions?

In 2017, Lithuanian Labor Exchange issued 5.5 thousand work permits / decisions on conformity of Lithuanian labour market needs. Most of them (1346 or 24 percent) were long distance drivers. 

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In 2017, Lithuanian Labor Exchange issued 5.5 thousand work permits / decisions on conformity of Lithuanian labour market needs. Most of them (1346 or 24 percent) were long distance drivers. As of this moment, based on the data from the Lithuanian Labor Exchange, Lithuania lacks people of the following professions: drivers of international freight vehicles, welders, metal hull assemblers, concrete workers, electricians, plasterers, tailors, etc.

Source: Lithuanian Labour Exchange. Updated: 2018-05-22

Where do labour migrants come from?

In 2017, Lithuanian Labor Exchange issued 5.5 thousand work permits / decisions on conformity of Lithuanian labour market needs: the vast majority of workers were citizens of Ukraine (61 percent) and Belarus (22 percent).

Source: Lithuanian Labour Exchange. Updated: 2018-05-22

Asylum

Asylum in Lithuania: 15 years overview

Lithuania has three forms of asylum: refugee status (permanent), subsidiary protection (granted for two years with the possibility to be prolonged) and temporary protection (can be granted by the government if there is an increased number of people asking for asylum). Lithuania usually grants subsidiary protection.

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Lithuania has three forms of asylum: refugee status (permanent), subsidiary protection (granted for two years with the possibility to be prolonged) and temporary protection (can be granted by the government if there is an increased number of people asking for asylum). Lithuania usually grants subsidiary protection.

Despite the European Union experiencing the biggest influx of migrants due to the conflicts that are happening around the world, the number of asylum seekers in Lithuania remains the same – on average 490 asylum applications per year.

Source: Migration Department. Updated: 2018-05-22

Who applies for asylum?

In 2017 there were 599 applications for asylum. Most applications were received from citizens of Syria (38 percent), Russia (15 percent) and Tajikistan (9 percent).

Source: Migration Department. Updated: 2018-05-22

Who is granted asylum?

In 2017 asylum has been granted to 293 persons: 280 were granted the status of refugee and 13 were granted subsidiary protection.

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In 2017 asylum has been granted to 293 persons: 280 were granted the status of refugee and 13 were granted subsidiary protection. The increase of refugee status granted was due to Lithuania’s commitment to resettle 70 persons from Turkey and relocate 1035 persons from Greece and Italy. The majority people that were granted asylum were the citizens of Syria (68 percent), Eritrea (10 percent) and Iraq (5 percent).   

Source: Migration Department. Updated: 2018-05-22

How many asylum applicants are resettled and relocated to Lithuania?

In 2015, in solidarity with other EU member states that have been under severe pressure caused by the huge influx of migrants, the Lithuanian government adopted Resolution regarding relocation and resettlement of 1105 persons in need of international protection to Lithuania.

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In 2015, in solidarity with other EU member states that have been under severe pressure caused by the huge influx of migrants, the Lithuanian government adopted Resolution regarding relocation and resettlement of 1105 persons in need of international protection to Lithuania.  It outlined that 70 asylum seekers from Turkey will be resettled and 1035 from Greece and Italy will be relocated to Lithuania till 31 December 2017.

Source: International Organization for Migration. Updated: 2018-05-22

Irregular Migration

Refusal of entry by grounds

Irregular migration is the migration of people to a new place of residence or transit that is not in accordance with the legal norms that have been established by the sending, transit or receiving states.

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Irregular migration is the migration of people to a new place of residence or transit that is not in accordance with the legal norms that have been established by the sending, transit or receiving states. For the vast majority of irregular migrants Lithuania is a transit state whilst trying to reach West Europe or Scandinavian countries. 5181 foreigners were denied entry to Lithuania in 2017, mainly because they did not have the necessary travel documents (or were in possession of forged ones) or could not justify the purpose of intended stay in Lithuania. In recent years the number of people who were denied entry to Lithuania because they represent a threat to public policy, internal security, public health or international relations has increased significantly.

Source: Migration Department. Updated: 2018-05-22

Detained migrants by citizenship

An irregular migrant can be apprehended by the police or other law enforcement officers for no longer than 48 hours.

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An irregular migrant can be apprehended by the police or other law enforcement officers for no longer than 48 hours.  For a period exceeding 48 hours, the alien may be detained only by a court’s decision. In that case the person is transferred to the Foreigners’ Registration Centre. The graphic shows people differentiated by their citizenship that have been detained for longer than 48 hours for illegal entry or stay in the Republic of Lithuania in 2017.

Source: Migration Department. Updated: 2018-05-22

Return decisions and expulsion

Return means the process of a foreign who does not fulfil or no longer fulfils the conditions of legal stay in Lithuania going back to his/her country of origin.

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Return means the process of a foreign who does not fulfil or no longer fulfils the conditions of legal stay in Lithuania going back to his/her country of origin. These people can leave voluntarily given a certain period of time for voluntary departure. If they do not leave Lithuania within this time period or the period for voluntary departure cannot be given, then they are expelled from Lithuania.

The graphic portrays the number of aliens subject to a return decision and the number of people expelled from Lithuania. It is worth noting that return decisions also include obligations to leave (when foreigners are returned to other EU Member states where they can stay legally).

Source: Migration Department. Updated: 2018-05-22

How many migrants return home with IOM assistance?

For more than sixteen years the International Organization for Migration (IOM) Vilnius office provides assisted voluntary return to non-EU citizens who have found themselves in an irregular situation in Lithuania.

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For more than sixteen years the International Organization for Migration (IOM) Vilnius office provides assisted voluntary return to non-EU citizens who have found themselves in an irregular situation in Lithuania.

Assisted voluntary return aims to help migrants who are in Lithuania illegally to return to their country of origin safely and with dignity. The assistance is given to non-EU citizens, who decide to leave voluntarily but do not have financial means to leave on their own.

 

Source: International Organization for Migration. Updated: 2018-05-22